Psychological Adjustment Among The Esan People: The Role Of Given Names

IMHONDE, H. O (PhD) ; Ndom, R. J. E (PhD) (2016-03-01)

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Names given to children in Nigeria are not just names but must serve a function which helps the parents to adjust, cope or send information to others around them. This study examined Esan names and psychological adjustment among parents. Drawing on survey data collected from six hundred families from the five local government area that made up Edo Central Senatorial District, Nigeria, our findings show that names in Esan land are given to children as a result of the circumstances surrounding the birth, names of ancestors, relief for pains, healing, scorn among others. Secondly, Families with Esan names reported high family cohesion (B = 4.67, SE = 1.82, P < .001), inversely high self-esteem (B = -0.95, SE = 0.32, P < .001). Anxiety, BDI, PCD and BSI were all not significant indicating low anxiety and depression, thus signifying higher psychological adjustment among families with Esan names. The t-tests results indicated that there was a significant difference between families with Esan names and those without Esan names on family cohesion (t = .21, df 598, P < 0.01). There was also a significant difference on depression (t = 3.65, df 598, P, 0.001), and a significant difference was observed on the BSI scores (t = 5.32, df 598, P < 0.001). There was however, no significant difference between families with Esan names and those without Esan names on anxiety and self-esteem. This indicates that names given to children in Esan land serve as key factor in understanding psychological adjustment among the Esan people. This therefore call for the understanding of these names and its psychotherapeutic benefit in the understanding of the peculiarity of the Esan family and their psychological wellbeing in the sustainability of a growing economy.

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