SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC VARIABLES PREDICTING HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AND PREVENTIVE MEASURES AMONG SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN EDO STATE
This study assessed socio-demographic variables of sex, age, school location, and school type predicting HIV/AIDS awareness and preventive measures among senior secondary school students in Edo State using correlational survey design. The research participants were 937 senior secondary school students in Edo State. These respondents were sampled from the three senatorial districts of Edo State using multi stage stratified simple random sampling. The instrument used in the study was an adopted questionnaire titled HIV/AIDS Awareness and Preventive Measures Scales Questionnaire which was validated by two experts from the Department of Community Health Medicine, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma. The data collated were analyzed using percentage, mean, standard deviation and logistic regression. The findings revealed that the socio-demographic variables significantly predict HIV/AIDS awareness and preventive measures among senior secondary school students in Edo State. In addition, it was also established that socio-demographic variables of age and school location were the potent predictors of HIV/AIDS awareness and preventive measures among senior secondary school students in Edo State. It was further revealed that the odds of the students within the age bracket of 12 to 15 years having good awareness of HIV/AID was 14.020 times higher than the odds of those within the 16 and above years age bracket and that the odds of students in rural schools having good awareness of HIV/AIDS was 11.021 times higher than the odds of those in urban schools. Based on the findings it was recommended that there should be creation of more public awareness on HIV/AIDS targeted particularly at the senior secondary school students with age and school location bias, particularly on causes, mode of transmission, sex education, management and control of HIV/AIDS. In addition, it was also recommended that more public awareness on HIV/AIDS preventive measures targeted particularly at the senior secondary school students within the lower age group and those in the rural schools should be created. Government at all levels should put policies in place to provide free HIV voluntary counselling for students. Finally, HIV/AIDS education and HIV voluntary counselling training should be intensified in the senior secondary schools curriculum to create HIV/AIDS awareness and preventive measures among the senior secondary school students in Edo State.