INFLUENCE OF PERSONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CHARACTERISTICS ON EDO STATE SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS’ PARTICIPATION IN STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS
A PhD thesis
This study is the influence of personal and environmental characteristics on Edo State secondary school principals’ participation in staff development programs. The variables of sex, principals’ year of experience, age, school size, school location, and their participations in staff development Programs like workshops, seminars, conferences, professional meetings, committee meetings and staff meetings were investigated in the study. To guide this study, two (2) re search questions were raised and five (5) hypotheses formulated and tested. A total of two hundred and ninety seven (297) secondary school principals in the State constituted the study sample. This number amounted to 50% of the population through proportionate and simple random sampling techniques The instrument used was a questionnaire titled “Principals’ Participation in Staff Development Programs”. (PPSDP) designed to elicit information from respondents. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistical tools namely- rank order, frequency distribution, percentages, means and standard deviations to answer the first two (2) research questions on level and areas of staff development Programs most participated by principals, while the other five (5) questions were hypothesized and tested with t-test statistics. All the null hypotheses formulated for the study were tested at .05 level of significance As a result of the analysis, the following findings were made. ▪ Principals participated more in staff development Programs that were less expensive and not of much professional growth to their jobs. ▪ The level of participation of these principals in staff development Programs that were related to the solution of the day to day challenges in their schools like seminars, workshops, conferences and sandwich courses were on the average. ▪ The ranking of participation of principals in the staff development Programs like professional meetings, committee meetings and staff meetings were most. ▪ Personal characteristics of sex, years of experience, and age of principals had no influence on their participation in staff development Programs ▪ Environmental characteristics of school size, and school location of principals had no influence on their participation in staff development Programs Based on the findings of the study, the following recommendations were made among others: 1. Principals should be encouraged by the Ministry of Education to attend staff development Programs that are related to the solution of the day to day challenges facing the present day secondary school educational sector regularly. 2. The Ministry of Education should build into their annual budget the sponsorship of principals in staff development Programs to reduce the high cost of participation. 3. The Faculties and Institutes of Education in Nigerian Universities, National Teacher’s Institutes and other non governmental agencies saddled with the responsibilities of training and re-training these calibers of personnel should make provision for their sponsorship in their annual budgets.